当前位置:首页 > In the News 时事新闻 > 正文

Turkey, Russia Hold Talks, Ease Tensions Over Syria

08/13/2016

源 稿 窗
大字
小字
 折叠显示 
 全文显示 
[00:00.00]
  • Russia and Turkey are taking steps to improve ties and work together in Syria after talks between the Russian and Turkish leaders.
  • [00:12.70]
  • Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan met with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Saint Petersburg on Tuesday.
  • [00:23.05]
  • Putin announced that Russia would begin easing sanctions designed to punish Turkey.
  • [00:30.43]
  • The move would include restarting work on energy projects,
  • [00:35.78]
  • such as work on Turkey’s first nuclear power center and a pipeline from southern Russia to the Black Sea.
  • [00:45.58]
  • Russian officials said trade with Turkey could return to normal by the end of the year.
  • [00:53.75]
  • The Hurriyet Daily News reported that the two sides agreed to set up a direct telephone line between their militaries to prevent incidents in Syrian airspace.
  • [01:08.94]
  • In November, Turkey shot down a Russian jet bomber near its border with Syria.
  • [01:16.84]
  • Turkish officials accused the airplane of violating Turkish airspace.
  • [01:23.36]
  • Russia denied the plane had been over Turkey and called the act a planned provocation by supporters of terrorism.
  • [01:35.48]
  • Russian officials answered the Turkish move by ordering economic and diplomatic sanctions on its neighbor.
  • [01:44.72]
  • In June, the Turkish president apologized for the incident, and the two sides agreed to hold direct talks.
  • [01:54.83]
  • Russia supports the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, while Turkey has supported groups trying to force him from power.
  • [02:07.02]
  • The two sides have been fighting in Syria for more than five years.
  • [02:12.36]
  • The violence has caused more than 2.5 million refugees from Syria to enter Turkey.
  • [02:21.03]
  • Russia increased its involvement in the fighting last year by carrying out bombing raids on Syrian rebel targets.
  • [02:32.12]
  • Some observers, however, are questioning how much Turkey and Russia can cooperate.
  • [02:40.09]
  • They say the two sides have little common ground in Syria’s civil war.
  • [02:47.87]
  • Military expert Alexander Golts says, “I think until now they have no clear decision because it’s clear that their interests are colliding in Syria.”
  • [03:01.77]
  • Golts currently works as a visiting researcher at Uppsula University in Sweden.
  • [03:10.31]
  • However, the talks between the two presidents could be a sign that Recep Tayyip Erdogan wants compromise on the issue of Syria.
  • [03:22.64]
  • The meeting also could show Western allies that the Turkish leader has several options available to him.
  • [03:33.04]
  • Ishat Saetov directs the Modern Turkey Studies Center in Moscow.
  • [03:39.91]
  • He said Erdogan was surprised by the effect Russian economic actions had on Turkey.
  • [03:48.81]
  • The “loss of more than 4 million tourists made quite a blow on the economy,” he said.
  • [03:56.35]
  • Although the two countries disagree about Syria, Russia supported Erdogan after members of Turkey’s military attempted to overthrow his government.
  • [04:08.70]
  • The United States and European countries have criticized Turkey’s reaction to the failed overthrow attempt.
  • [04:17.30]
  • The Turkish government has arrested thousands of people, including many reporters.
  • [04:25.19]
  • Turkey accuses clergyman Fethullah Gulen of plotting the failed coup.
  • [04:32.25]
  • Gulen lives in the American state of Pennsylvania.
  • [04:37.03]
  • Turkish officials want him extradited to Turkey for trial.
  • [04:42.67]
  • The U.S. government has refused to do this without evidence.
  • [04:48.99]
  • Turkey is also in disagreement with Europe over payments for accepting Syrian refugees and other migrants.
  • [04:58.71]
  • The government wants the European Union to permit visa-free travel for Turkish citizens.
  • [05:06.85]
  • “Syria is one of the issues that Erdogan may trade upon,” said Saetov.
  • [05:13.49]
  • He said Erdogan may be willing to negotiate on the issue.
  • [05:19.43]
  • Yet Turkish officials say Assad must leave office eventually and that Russia will not take the place of its western allies.
  • [05:29.57]
  • I’m Mario Ritter.
  • 如您有建议或意见点击这里给我们留言