当前位置:首页 > Everyday Grammar 每日语法 > 正文

Noun Clauses in Everyday Speech

21/04/2017

源 稿 窗
大字
小字
 折叠显示 
 全文显示 
[00:00.00]
  • From VOA Learning English, this is Everyday Grammar.
  • [00:06.46]
  • Almost every American has seen or heard of the movie "Forrest Gump."
  • [00:13.15]
  • The film is a touching story about the life of a man who faces many challenges.
  • [00:20.70]
  • One of the most famous quotes from “Forrest Gump” is this:
  • [00:27.13]
  • My mama always said life was like a box of chocolates.
  • [00:33.20]
  • You never know what you're gonna get.
  • [00:38.23]
  • These lines might interest you for two reasons.
  • [00:42.78]
  • First, if you mention them to an American, they will probably know what you are talking about.
  • [00:50.25]
  • Second, if you study the lines carefully, you can learn how complex grammar is used in everyday speech.
  • [01:00.79]
  • Today on Everyday Grammar, we are going to explore how Americans use noun clauses in speech.
  • [01:09.53]
  • Just like Gump's box of chocolates, this report might have a pleasant surprise for you!
  • [01:17.49]
  • Noun clauses are groups of words that act as a noun.
  • [01:23.66]
  • They often begin with words such as if, what, why, and so on.
  • [01:31.82]
  • These clauses have a subject and a predicate, just like a sentence.
  • [01:39.16]
  • However, they do not act as sentences on their own. Instead, they have an effect on a longer, more complex sentence.
  • [01:51.88]
  • Here is an example. Imagine you do not know the answer to a question in your mathematics class.
  • [02:00.59]
  • You could ask, "I wonder if my teacher knows the answer?"
  • [02:06.83]
  • In the sentence, the main clause, "I wonder," is followed by the if - noun clause, "if my teacher knows the answer."
  • [02:18.59]
  • In this report, we are talking about noun clauses that begin with the words what, why, where, and so on.
  • [02:29.68]
  • Let’s call them wh- clauses.
  • [02:33.11]
  • In technical language, you could call them subordinators.
  • [02:38.89]
  • They can act as subjects, objects, complements, and so on.
  • [02:43.43]
  • The good news is this: Americans commonly use if- and wh- noun clauses in a few expressions.
  • [02:54.42]
  • Generally, such expressions have one of the following verbs: know, see, and wonder.
  • [03:04.36]
  • We will use lines from popular movies and short examples to show you how Americans use these verbs with different noun clauses.
  • [03:16.86]
  • Consider this line from the 2004 film Million Dollar Baby.
  • [03:23.32]
  • "No matter where he is, I thought you should know what kind of man your father really was."
  • [03:30.94]
  • In the sentence, the word what leads to a clause that comes after the verb, know.
  • [03:38.89]
  • This is a common pattern in American English.
  • [03:43.21]
  • If you were to visit the United States, you would probably hear expressions such as "I know what..." or "I don't know what..." almost every day.
  • [03:56.11]
  • Speakers will also use different wh- words to introduce clauses.
  • [04:02.48]
  • For example, you could say, "I thought you should know why I came here."
  • [04:09.18]
  • Or you could say, "I thought you should know where to find the post office.”
  • [04:15.55]
  • You will also hear if-noun clauses with the verb know.
  • [04:21.85]
  • For example, imagine that a person asked you, "Do you know if the museum is near here?"
  • [04:29.19]
  • You could say, "No, I don't know if the museum is near here."
  • [04:35.61]
  • Another word that is commonly followed by an if- or wh- noun clause is the verb see.
  • [04:44.87]
  • Consider this line from the 1998 film “The Truman Show.”
  • [04:51.26]
  • "Do you want another slice?
  • [04:52.93]
  • No, I'm okay.
  • [04:54.90]
  • What else is on?
  • [04:55.82]
  • "Yeah, let's see what else is on."
  • [04:55.36]
  • Where's the TV Guide?
  • [05:00.83]
  • Americans will often use the words "Let's see what...." or "Let's see if..." to make a suggestion, as in the line from The Truman Show.
  • [05:13.26]
  • At other times, speakers will use "Let's see …" in an informal way.
  • [05:20.14]
  • They do not necessarily mean it as a suggestion. Consider this quote from 1999 film, “The Green Mile.”
  • [05:31.59]
  • "Mr. Jingles? Where you been? Been worried about you, boy. You hungry? Hmm? Let's go see if we can't find you something to eat."
  • [05:47.01]
  • These lines show you how some Americans speak, notably in the southeastern United States.
  • [05:55.56]
  • The speaker is clearly not making a suggestion; instead, he is speaking to himself in an indirect way.
  • [06:05.17]
  • Although he uses the negative "can't", he actually means "can."
  • [06:12.30]
  • Another word that is commonly used with an if- or wh- noun clause is the verb wonder.
  • [06:20.79]
  • The structure "I wonder if..." is commonly used to ask a question.
  • [06:27.19]
  • Remember the example, "I wonder if my teacher knows the answer."
  • [06:32.40]
  • Speakers will also use wh-clauses with the verb wonder.
  • [06:38.13]
  • Many forgetful people have probably said "I wonder where my keys are?”, for example.
  • [06:45.26]
  • Now that you have learned about if-and wh- clauses, think back to the film Forrest Gump.
  • [06:54.44]
  • "My mama always said life was like a box of chocolates. You never know what you're gonna get."
  • [07:04.59]
  • Did you notice that Gump uses one of the common grammatical structures that we have talked about in this report?
  • [07:15.52]
  • Although you might not suspect it, every time you watch an American film, listen to American music, or talk to an American, you can learn more grammar.
  • [07:29.01]
  • All of the structures we have studied today are considered polite, and can be used in formal or informal speech.
  • [07:39.55]
  • They also can be used in writing.
  • [07:43.56]
  • The next time you are watching an American film, try to find complex grammatical structures like the ones we talked about.
  • [07:53.58]
  • Listen for the words know, see, and wonder.
  • [07:57.88]
  • What types of noun clauses do speakers use?
  • [08:02.10]
  • How do they organize their sentences?
  • [08:05.47]
  • This process might be difficult.
  • [08:08.27]
  • But remember this: you know what you should do.
  • [08:13.09]
  • I'm John Russell.
  • [08:15.22]
  • And I'm Jill Robbins.
  • 如您有建议或意见点击这里给我们留言