[00:07.00]Hello and welcome to Words and Their Stories from VOA Learning English.
[00:12.47]On this program we explore the origin and usage of common expressions in American English.
[00:20.44]We always give examples or dialogues using the expressions.
[00:26.64]Sometimes we even use the words in a short story.
[00:30.50]All of these can, hopefully, teach you how to best use the expressions.
[00:36.70]For today's word we turn our eyes toward the sky!
[00:41.98]There is one natural event that many people want to experience during their lifetime -- an eclipse!
[00:50.57]Whether solar or lunar, partial or total, these astronomical events bring the movement of our solar system a little more to life.
[01:03.54]Solar, as we know, means “relating to the sun."
[01:07.64]So a solar eclipse happens when the moon passes between the sun and Earth.
[01:14.19]A dark circle either completely or partly covers the sun as a result.
[01:20.74]Lunar means “related to the moon."
[01:24.73]So, a lunar eclipse is when the moon looks as if it is completely or partially covered with a dark circle.
[01:33.30]Some ancient cultures considered an eclipse a sign that the world was ending.
[01:40.49]Other cultures viewed it as a battle between different animals in the sky as they try to eat up the moon or sun.
[01:49.56]Another cultural belief was that an eclipse was a time for deep thought and thinking about the past.
[01:57.49]The word eclipse comes from a Greek word meaning "to leave," "to abandon," "to forsake a usual place" or fail to appear."
[02:09.68]Ancient Greeks thought of an eclipse as a time when the sun abandoned the earth.
[02:17.40]In simple terms, an eclipse happens when a planet or satellite blocks the light of the sun.
[02:26.46]So, it is not surprising that we also use "eclipse" in the same way when talking about other things besides the sun, the moon and the earth.
[02:37.48]In conversation, when one thing eclipses another it makes it less important or popular.
[02:45.23]For example, television eclipsed radio in the 1950s as the most popular form of home entertainment.
[02:53.89]When one person eclipses another, they do something better.
[02:59.50]For example, a younger child might hate it when her older sister's school and sports success eclipses her own.
[03:09.55]The older sister outshines the younger one.
[03:13.99]This usage of eclipse is not only used when talking about people.
[03:20.06]Things can also eclipse other things, as in this sentence:
[03:26.20]The popularity of the company’s new product quickly eclipsed all its earlier products.
[03:32.69]Many synonyms of eclipse deal with light and casting shadows, like in the example of the older sister outshining the younger.
[03:43.81]If a person or a thing outshines another, the light they give off is so bright that no one notices anything else.
[03:52.01]You could also say the older daughter cast a shadow on her younger sister.
[03:58.76]Or you could say the younger sister was living in the shadow of her older sister.
[04:06.56]Now, let's hear how we use eclipse this way in everyday conversation.
[04:13.87]Let's listen as two people talk as they wait in line to audition for a Broadway musical.
[04:20.74]Are you ready for your singing audition today?
[04:24.77]As ready as I’ll ever be.
[04:26.97]The song I’m singing is my favorite and I know it really well.
[04:31.58]I'm sure you'll do great.
[04:33.66]By the way, I'm Corrine. Corrine Mayfield.
[04:37.36]I'm Steve Stravinski.
[04:42.23]Are you any relation to Doug Stravinski?!
[04:46.16]Yeah. He's my older brother.
[04:49.52]Get out! His performance in Les Miserables was amazing.
[04:54.46]Critics are still talking about it! Wow! Doug Stravinski.
[05:00.74]What is he working on these days?
[05:03.51]An album. His fourth album.
[05:07.88]That is just awesome!
[05:10.14]It will probably be another number one seller!
[05:14.19]So, what's it like being his brother?
[05:17.47]Great. Just great.
[05:20.57]It must be tough living in the shadow of Doug Stravinski!
[05:26.28]I don't think about it ... you know, until someone brings it up.
[05:31.82]Oh, I'm so sorry. But it's just that ... well, he's so amazing and famous. He casts a really big shadow!
[05:41.88]Yes. Look, do you mind if we don't talk?
[05:45.15]I really need to prepare for my audition.
[05:48.68]Of course. Of course.
[05:51.45]It's so typical, isn't it -- an older brother or sister eclipsing a younger one.
[05:58.12]They get to try everything first and do it longer.
[06:00.84]So, they're usually better -- usually the shining star in the family!
[06:08.99]I'm doing it again, aren't I?
[06:11.16]I am sure at this audition you are going to outshine everything your brother Doug has done on stage.
[06:23.17]Hello I'm next.
[06:27.60]Stravinski? Wait, are you related to Doug Stravinski?!
[06:31.04]THE Doug Stravinski?!
[06:32.97]Oh man, he's amazing! I saw him in this show ...
[06:37.31]And that's the end of this Words and Their Stories!
[06:41.53]Do you use the word "eclipse" like this in your language?
[06:46.27]Let us know in the Comments Section.
[06:48.40]I'm Anna Matteo.