当前位置:首页 > As It Is 新闻杂志 > 正文

Will New UN Measures Get North Korea to Change?

2017-09-13

源 稿 窗
大字
小字
 折叠显示 
 全文显示 
[00:00.00]
  • Nations are expressing support for new United Nations restrictions placed on North Korea in reaction to its sixth nuclear test.
  • [00:13.57]
  • The U.N. Security Council voted 15-0 to approve new sanctions.
  • [00:22.23]
  • The Council hopes the measures will force North Korea to observe existing U.N. resolutions.
  • [00:32.10]
  • South Korea’s presidential office said the vote showed that the U.N. was sending a united message.
  • [00:42.74]
  • “The only way for it (North Korea) to get out of diplomatic isolation and economic pressure is the come back to the dialogue table,” said Park Soo-hyun, a presidential spokesman.
  • [01:00.33]
  • Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe also welcomed the new sanctions.
  • [01:06.73]
  • He said it was important to use pressure to change North Korea’s weapons development policy.
  • [01:15.58]
  • The United States Ambassador to the U.N., Nikki Haley, praised the vote.
  • [01:23.24]
  • She said the world would not accept a nuclear-armed North Korea.
  • [01:29.42]
  • Haley said the world would act if North Korea failed to disarm itself.
  • [01:36.02]
  • U.N. Security Council resolution 2375 aims to punish North Korea for its September 3 nuclear test.
  • [01:47.75]
  • The test was recorded as a 6.3-magnitude earthquake.
  • [01:53.69]
  • North Korea says the test was of a hydrogen bomb, a weapon far more powerful than those tested earlier.
  • [02:03.01]
  • In reaction, the Security Council agreed to target North Korea’s trade and fuel imports.
  • [02:12.37]
  • The resolution calls for cutting North Korea’s oil imports by one-third.
  • [02:19.31]
  • Haley called oil the “life blood” of the nation’s effort to develop a nuclear weapon.
  • [02:28.35]
  • North Korean imports of other fuels, including gas, are to drop by more than one half.
  • [02:37.32]
  • The resolution also targets sources of income.
  • [02:42.15]
  • It bans sales of textiles, meaning cloth or clothing, by North Korea.
  • [02:50.26]
  • Haley said this ban would cost North Korea nearly $800 million a year.
  • [02:58.03]
  • The resolution seeks to bar new work permits for North Korean workers employed in other countries.
  • [03:07.78]
  • North Korea has long been accused of using money paid to its overseas workers to support its weapons programs.
  • [03:19.19]
  • In addition, the Security Council called for freezing the assets of three powerful groups linked to the government.
  • [03:29.55]
  • The United States had sought stronger measures against North Korea.
  • [03:36.17]
  • At first, the U.S. called for a complete oil embargo and a freeze on the assets of leader Kim Jong Un.
  • [03:45.99]
  • It also sought to permit military force, if necessary, to stop ships supplying banned goods.
  • [03:56.20]
  • However, China and Russia pushed for the compromise version that the U.N. Security Council approved.
  • [04:05.99]
  • Both China and Russia are permanent Security Council members and hold veto power on resolutions.
  • [04:15.70]
  • Both countries say that discussions are the only way to solve the North Korean issue.
  • [04:24.14]
  • On Tuesday, China’s official Xinhua news agency called for talks.
  • [04:31.10]
  • It described the dispute as a situation where “nuclear and missile tests trigger tougher sanctions and tougher sanctions invite further tests.”
  • [04:44.01]
  • China and Russia also have urged the United States to suspend its joint military training with South Korea in exchange for a North Korean nuclear freeze.
  • [04:58.82]
  • However, supporters of the Trump administration’s policy of “maximum pressure” on North Korea say the most recent sanctions are not enough.
  • [05:11.07]
  • Grant Newsham is a researcher with the Japan Forum for Strategic Studies in Tokyo.
  • [05:19.58]
  • He says if these U.N. restrictions do not work, the U.S. could punish Chinese banks that do business with North Korea.
  • [05:30.75]
  • On Tuesday, reports say some of China’s major state-owned banks have stopped providing financial services to North Koreans.
  • [05:42.84]
  • That could be a sign of increased enforcement of existing sanctions.
  • [05:49.39]
  • But critics of North Korea sanctions say that approach will not cause the country to disarm.
  • [05:59.88]
  • I’m Mario Ritter.
  • 如您有建议或意见点击这里给我们留言