[00:00.00]Nations are expressing support for new United Nations restrictions placed on North Korea in reaction to its sixth nuclear test.
[00:13.57]The U.N. Security Council voted 15-0 to approve new sanctions.
[00:22.23]The Council hopes the measures will force North Korea to observe existing U.N. resolutions.
[00:32.10]South Korea’s presidential office said the vote showed that the U.N. was sending a united message.
[00:42.74]“The only way for it (North Korea) to get out of diplomatic isolation and economic pressure is the come back to the dialogue table,” said Park Soo-hyun, a presidential spokesman.
[01:00.33]Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe also welcomed the new sanctions.
[01:06.73]He said it was important to use pressure to change North Korea’s weapons development policy.
[01:15.58]The United States Ambassador to the U.N., Nikki Haley, praised the vote.
[01:23.24]She said the world would not accept a nuclear-armed North Korea.
[01:29.42]Haley said the world would act if North Korea failed to disarm itself.
[01:36.02]U.N. Security Council resolution 2375 aims to punish North Korea for its September 3 nuclear test.
[01:47.75]The test was recorded as a 6.3-magnitude earthquake.
[01:53.69]North Korea says the test was of a hydrogen bomb, a weapon far more powerful than those tested earlier.
[02:03.01]In reaction, the Security Council agreed to target North Korea’s trade and fuel imports.
[02:12.37]The resolution calls for cutting North Korea’s oil imports by one-third.
[02:19.31]Haley called oil the “life blood” of the nation’s effort to develop a nuclear weapon.
[02:28.35]North Korean imports of other fuels, including gas, are to drop by more than one half.
[02:37.32]The resolution also targets sources of income.
[02:42.15]It bans sales of textiles, meaning cloth or clothing, by North Korea.
[02:50.26]Haley said this ban would cost North Korea nearly $800 million a year.
[02:58.03]The resolution seeks to bar new work permits for North Korean workers employed in other countries.
[03:07.78]North Korea has long been accused of using money paid to its overseas workers to support its weapons programs.
[03:19.19]In addition, the Security Council called for freezing the assets of three powerful groups linked to the government.
[03:29.55]The United States had sought stronger measures against North Korea.
[03:36.17]At first, the U.S. called for a complete oil embargo and a freeze on the assets of leader Kim Jong Un.
[03:45.99]It also sought to permit military force, if necessary, to stop ships supplying banned goods.
[03:56.20]However, China and Russia pushed for the compromise version that the U.N. Security Council approved.
[04:05.99]Both China and Russia are permanent Security Council members and hold veto power on resolutions.
[04:15.70]Both countries say that discussions are the only way to solve the North Korean issue.
[04:24.14]On Tuesday, China’s official Xinhua news agency called for talks.
[04:31.10]It described the dispute as a situation where “nuclear and missile tests trigger tougher sanctions and tougher sanctions invite further tests.”
[04:44.01]China and Russia also have urged the United States to suspend its joint military training with South Korea in exchange for a North Korean nuclear freeze.
[04:58.82]However, supporters of the Trump administration’s policy of “maximum pressure” on North Korea say the most recent sanctions are not enough.
[05:11.07]Grant Newsham is a researcher with the Japan Forum for Strategic Studies in Tokyo.
[05:19.58]He says if these U.N. restrictions do not work, the U.S. could punish Chinese banks that do business with North Korea.
[05:30.75]On Tuesday, reports say some of China’s major state-owned banks have stopped providing financial services to North Koreans.
[05:42.84]That could be a sign of increased enforcement of existing sanctions.
[05:49.39]But critics of North Korea sanctions say that approach will not cause the country to disarm.
[05:59.88]I’m Mario Ritter.