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Nobel Peace Prize Goes to Anti-Nuclear Weapons Group

2017-10-07

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[00:00.00]
  • A group seeking an international ban on nuclear weapons has won the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize.
  • [00:12.53]
  • The Norwegian Nobel Committee is giving the prize to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, or ICAN.
  • [00:26.31]
  • The head of the committee, Berit Reiss-Andersen, made the announcement on Friday.
  • [00:35.04]
  • She said, "We live in a world where the risk of nuclear weapons being used is greater than it has been for a long time."
  • [00:47.31]
  • The Nobel committee said ICAN won for its work to bring attention to the catastrophic humanitarian effects of any use of nuclear weapons.
  • [01:03.31]
  • The statement also praised the group for “its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons."
  • [01:15.23]
  • ICAN describes itself as a coalition of non-government groups in more than 100 countries.
  • [01:26.18]
  • It began in Australia and was officially launched in Vienna in 2007.
  • [01:35.52]
  • ICAN’s main goal is to support enactment of a United Nations treaty banning nuclear weapons.
  • [01:47.08]
  • The treaty was approved in New York on July 7, 2017.
  • [01:54.89]
  • The agreement, however, did not include nuclear powers, such as Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States.
  • [02:08.69]
  • The peace prize announcement comes as U.S. President Donald Trump has threatened Iran and North Korea over their nuclear activities.
  • [02:23.04]
  • President Trump told the U.N. General Assembly last month that he may be forced to "totally destroy" North Korea because of its nuclear program.
  • [02:38.67]
  • U.S. officials now say Trump is likely to decertify the international nuclear agreement with Iran.
  • [02:51.57]
  • He has called the agreement the "worst deal ever negotiated."
  • [02:59.32]
  • The president is expected to announce his plans in a speech next week.
  • [03:08.70]
  • The officials expect him to say the deal is not in the U.S. national interest.
  • [03:18.63]
  • This would not cancel the 2015 agreement, but instead return it to Congress.
  • [03:29.11]
  • Lawmakers would then have 60 days to decide whether to re-establish sanctions that were suspended under the agreement.
  • [03:41.46]
  • A decertification could possibly lead to talks on renegotiating the deal, although Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has said that is not under consideration.
  • [04:00.57]
  • I’m Caty Weaver.
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