[00:06.34]VOA Learning English presents America’s Presidents.
[00:11.46]Today we are talking about Donald Trump.
[00:15.22]He was elected in 2016.
[00:18.85]Because his presidency is so new, this program will not discuss his time in office.
[00:27.04]Instead, it will discuss his early life.
[00:30.81]And it will note a few ways that Trump’s background is unusual compared to most U.S. presidents.
[00:53.13]Donald Trump was born in Queens, a borough of New York City.
[00:58.55]He was the fourth child. He had two brothers and two sisters.
[01:05.03]His mother had been born in Scotland.
[01:07.89]His father, whose relatives were German, became a successful businessman in New York.
[01:15.53]Donald and his two brothers helped their father in the family business.
[01:21.51]At the time, the business was called Elizabeth Trump and Son, after his grandmother and father.
[01:30.01]The work related to building, buying, and managing property.
[01:37.04]By his own telling, young Donald often created trouble in school.
[01:43.69]So when he was 13 years old, his parents sent him to a military-style school.
[01:51.77]Donald said that, for the most part, he enjoyed the experience.
[01:58.16]Other students there remembered him as a good baseball player, as popular with girls, and as someone who wanted to succeed.
[02:09.79]Trump went on to college first at Fordham University in New York, and then at the University of Pennsylvania.
[02:18.94]He earned a degree in economics.
[02:22.07]He was also already investing in real estate.
[02:26.56]After he graduated, Trump quickly returned to New York City and his career.
[02:33.58]In time, he became the head of the family business.
[02:37.95]He re-named it the Trump Organization.
[02:42.21]As its president, Trump developed and put his name on luxury buildings, casinos, hotels, and golf courses around the world.
[02:53.48]Later, he became linked to the entertainment industry, too.
[02:59.55]He became a part owner of beauty pageants, hosted a television show, and wrote a book about how to succeed in business.
[03:10.66]During these years, Trump also married three times and divorced twice.
[03:18.26]The media wrote especially about his first and second marriages because he openly had a relationship with his second wife while he was married to his first.
[03:30.62]In 2005, he married Melania Knauss, a former model from Slovenia.
[03:37.25]She is only the second first lady who was not born in the United States.
[03:44.38]The first was Louisa Adams, who came from Britain in 1801.
[03:51.20]All together, Trump has three sons and two daughters.
[03:56.73]Because Trump has been a public figure for most of his life, many Americans were familiar with him before he ran for president.
[04:07.88]To some, he is linked to success in business and branding.
[04:13.42]To others, notes journalist Jackie Calmes, he is linked to debt and legal battles.
[04:22.10]But, until he officially entered the 2016 campaign as a Republican candidate, few linked him to politics.
[04:32.24]Trump is unusual among past presidents in that he had never worked in the government before.
[04:40.88]Nor has Trump served in the military.
[04:43.79]Only Presidents Taylor, Grant, and Eisenhower had no previous government experience; however, they had all been generals.
[04:55.53]During the campaign for president, other candidates spent money to buy advertising.
[05:01.88]But Trump spread his message on free television, radio and social media.
[05:09.39]Trump won the Republican nomination over 16 candidates.
[05:15.74]He went on to defeat Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton to win the presidency.
[05:22.43]Trump is the oldest person ever to take office.
[05:27.95]He was 70 years old when he was sworn in.
[05:31.53]He is also one of the richest.
[05:35.61]And Trump is unusual in how he communicates with the public.
[05:41.18]As president, he continues to use Twitter to communicate his thoughts directly to anyone who wants to follow him.
[05:51.47]Many earlier presidents also used changes in technology to interact with the public.
[05:58.33]Woodrow Wilson was the first to hold press conferences regularly with reporters.
[06:05.07]Franklin Roosevelt famously spoke to Americans on the radio.
[06:10.50]John F. Kennedy – and later Richard Nixon – are credited with using television to their advantage.
[06:19.40]But these episodes were often planned in advance.
[06:24.24]Trump has said he likes Twitter because he can share his thoughts immediately.
[06:30.61]And, he adds, the media and the public respond immediately, too.
[06:36.52]While the long-term effects of Trump’s presidency are not yet known,
[06:42.25]he will likely be remembered in part for his direct and unscripted style of communication.
[06:55.51]I’m Kelly Jean Kelly.