当前位置:首页 > As It Is 新闻杂志 > 正文

US Court Rejects Effort to Stop Climate Lawsuit

2018-03-13

源 稿 窗
大字
小字
 折叠显示 
 全文显示 
[00:00.00]
  • A federal appeals court has rejected an effort by the United States government to halt a case against President Donald Trump and his administration.
  • [00:15.90]
  • A group of 21 young people brought the case against the federal government.
  • [00:23.30]
  • They accuse the Trump administration of violating their constitutional rights by ignoring the harm caused by climate change.
  • [00:33.73]
  • The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco ruled against the administration on March 7.
  • [00:43.68]
  • The court said the government had failed to provide enough evidence under federal law to dismiss the case.
  • [00:52.54]
  • The lawsuit started three years ago in the northwestern state of Oregon.
  • [00:58.92]
  • At that time, the case was directed against the administration of President Barack Obama.
  • [01:06.93]
  • This is one of several cases seeking to have courts deal with climate change and its causes.
  • [01:16.44]
  • The young people, now aged 10 to 21, accuse federal officials and oil industry leaders of knowing for years about the effects of carbon dioxide emissions on the climate.
  • [01:33.88]
  • Carbon dioxide is a gas produced naturally in the environment.
  • [01:39.50]
  • It is made when people and other living things breathe.
  • [01:43.78]
  • Carbon dioxide also is produced from the burning of fossil fuels, such as oil and coal.
  • [01:51.84]
  • The case says the government and oil industry knew that the burning was harmful to Earth’s climate, but refused to do anything about it.
  • [02:03.46]
  • The young people said the lack of action has deprived them of their rights to life, freedom and property, including the right to live in a habitable climate.
  • [02:17.08]
  • They want the government to write a recovery plan to reduce carbon emissions to 350 parts per million by the year 2100.
  • [02:28.09]
  • That would be 400 parts per million lower than current levels.
  • [02:34.75]
  • Many of the plaintiffs are from Oregon, but some come from other states.
  • [02:41.72]
  • They say they are affected by the effects of slowly rising temperatures in the atmosphere.
  • [02:48.42]
  • They have given examples, such as warmer winters, flooding, and damage to fisheries.
  • [02:56.77]
  • The Obama administration first tried to have the case dismissed.
  • [03:01.36]
  • It claimed that the courts were not prepared to “oversee a phenomenon that spans the globe,” court papers said.
  • [03:10.19]
  • In November 2016, a U.S. district judge in Eugene, Oregon refused to dismiss the lawsuit.
  • [03:19.91]
  • District Judge Ann Aiken said a quick dismissal without looking at the facts could support the accusation of the government’s “knowing decision to poison the air.”
  • [03:33.81]
  • The Trump administration also tried to have the case dismissed.
  • [03:38.38]
  • It urged the court of appeals to halt the case before it continued to trial.
  • [03:45.47]
  • The government said letting the case proceed would lead to a burdensome process of searching for documents and questioning people.
  • [03:56.30]
  • It also said the case would create a “constitutional crisis” by putting courts against Trump and the many other administration officials named as defendants.
  • [04:10.48]
  • But in the decision on March 7, Chief Judge Sidney Thomas said the dismissal request was too early.
  • [04:20.40]
  • He added that deciding whether the accusers’ claims were too general could be discussed through the normal legal process.
  • [04:30.40]
  • Julia Olson, who represented the plaintiffs, is executive director of Our Children’s Trust.
  • [04:37.74]
  • The trust provides legal help for efforts to improve the climate. Olsen told the Reuters news agency that her group welcomed the decision.
  • [04:51.76]
  • “It’s very exciting,” she said. “It will be the first time that climate science and the federal government’s role in creating its dangers will go on trial in a U.S. court.”
  • [05:05.73]
  • The decision means the case will probably return to the lower court in Oregon where District Judge Aiken will decide what happens next.
  • [05:16.46]
  • Olsen said she will be seeking official statements from several representatives of top federal agencies, as well as climate change scientists.
  • [05:28.03]
  • I’m Phil Dierking.
  • 如您有建议或意见点击这里给我们留言