[00:07.03]Now, the VOA Learning English program Words and Their Stories.
[00:14.91]On this program we explore common expressions in American English.
[00:20.09]Today we explore the human body.
[00:23.60]Specifically, we take a tour of our largest organ: the skin.
[00:28.76]Skin is not only large; it is important.
[00:34.23]One of its jobs is to protect us. It keeps bad things out.
[00:39.96]But sometimes it fails.
[00:43.68]Extremely small bugs, called mites, can get under our skin.
[00:49.46]And when they do, they cause itching and great discomfort.
[00:55.19]So, to get under someone's skin means to annoy them or, better still, to bug them.
[01:03.22]Get it? Mites are small bugs.
[01:06.64]Okay, moving on!
[01:08.92]That's just one definition of the expression “to get under someone's skin.”
[01:15.12]It can also mean that someone is very attractive to you.
[01:19.33]You can't stop thinking about them.
[01:23.02]You might even be obsessing about them.
[01:26.97]Cole Porter used the expression this way in his 1936 love song “I've Got You Under My Skin."
[01:35.62]I've got you under my skin.
[01:42.49]I've got you deep in the heart of me.
[01:46.84]So deep in my heart that you're really a part of me.
[01:48.97]Let's hear the same expression used different ways in two short examples.
[02:02.40]A: Can you stop popping your gum? I need to study and it's really annoying.
[02:14.52]A: And can you stop whistling, please?!
[02:18.00]B: Anything you say.
[02:22.90]A: Please stop drumming your pencil on the table! Look, you're really getting under my skin today. Can you just ... be somewhere else?
[02:34.19]B: Mm-k. (Okay)
[02:35.86]That was an example of the annoying situation. Now, let's move to obsession!
[02:43.96]A: Hey, have you seen Jacob recently?
[02:47.89]B: He met this new woman at a party last month. So, no. I haven't seen him.
[02:53.78]A: What do you mean?
[02:54.86]B: I mean, he's fallen hard for her. He's either with her or at home waiting for her call.
[03:01.96]A: Wow, she's really gotten under his skin.
[03:05.28]B: That's one way to put it. I just tell him that he's obsessed with her.
[03:10.20]Now, let's get back to skin as a protector.
[03:14.37]Our skin fits tightly on our bodies.
[03:18.23]It holds in important things while keeping out harmful things.
[03:25.29]So, we can use a “skin” expression to describe very tight clothing.
[03:31.19]We can say that the outfit fits like a second skin.
[03:36.70]There are many ways to describe people using the word "skin."
[03:43.09]If someone is thick-skinned they are not easily hurt emotionally.
[03:49.18]You can criticize them or be unkind to them and it simply rolls off their back.
[03:56.25]Thin-skinned people, however, are easily hurt by criticism, even if it is not too severe.
[04:03.97]You have to be careful what you say to thin-skinned people so as not to hurt their feelings.
[04:12.23]If someone is suddenly very scared, you can say they nearly jumped out of their skin!
[04:19.37]For example, one day I saw my friend Sierra waiting at a bus stop.
[04:26.15]She was wearing headphones and did not hear me come up behind her.
[04:31.19]So, when I touched her shoulder, she nearly jumped out of her skin!
[04:36.68]If someone is too thin and looks sickly, you can say they are all skin and bones.
[04:45.03]It appears they have no meat or muscle on their bodies.
[04:49.77]For example, let’s imagine that two hikers get lost in the woods.
[04:55.24]When rescuers find them weeks later, they are all skin and bones.
[05:01.13]Now, let's say you meet someone who is very strange and creepy.
[05:07.65]You get a very bad feeling around them.
[05:11.05]You can say they make your skin crawl.
[05:14.22]But if you meet someone who is very confident, you can say they are comfortable in their own skin.
[05:22.64]These people have accepted themselves as is – flaws and all!
[05:29.13]And if you meet someone who is beautiful on the outside but is not very nice on the inside, you can say, “Well, beauty is only skin deep."
[05:40.71]And that's the end of this Words and Their Stories!
[05:44.20]Let us know what you thought of today’s program.
[05:47.33]And don’t worry if you have more criticism than praise.
[05:51.75]We have thick skin and can take it!
[05:56.04]I'm Anna Matteo.
[05:58.16]When you were here before
[06:03.52]Couldn't look you in the eye
[06:08.66]You're just like an angel
[06:13.65]Your skin makes me cry ...